1935 was an interesting year, to say the least. Capitalism, the industrialization of the labor market, and, most importantly, the Great Depression,
had combined to create a perfect storm that left American workers and their
families facing unprecedented hardships with little help from the
government to overcome them. President Roosevelt faced the gargantuan
task of coming up with solutions to these problems, and to help him he
appointed the first-ever female cabinet member, Secretary of Labor and
mother of the American welfare state Frances Perkins. Thanks to her, that year also got to see the passage of the Social Security Act.