• The National Center for Transgender Equality released a new report highlighting the challenges of transgender immigrants. [Colorlines]
• According to the head of animation on the new Disney princess movie Frozen, animating female characters is super hard because they need to have emotions and look pretty. Here's the quote: “Animating female characters are really, really difficult, ’cause they have to go through these range of emotions, but they’re very, very — you have to keep them pretty and they’re very sensitive to — you can get them off a model very quickly. So, having a film with two hero female characters was really tough, and having them both in the scene and look very different if they’re echoing the same expression.” [The Mary Sue]
• Ohio’s abortion restrictions are an example of the pro-life incremental strategy: pushing the boundaries of Supreme Court guidelines without technically violating them. And it’s working: only 11 clinics remain in Ohio, and some more may be forced to close. [NYT]
• Iowa is home to the nation's first telemedicine program for abortion—whereby women, largely in rural areas, can take an abortion pill while under video supervision by their doctors. But the state's Board of Medicine is now voting to ban the program. [ThinkProgress]
• Wednesday's commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the March on Washington was, in part, an effort to appeal to young citizens to continue the unfinished work of the civil rights movement. So why were young speakers cut out of the program? [Code Switch]
• Etsy's long been your source for twee knit baby caps and awesome letterpress Game of Thrones art, but who knew the site also peddled rape culture? Witness the glass, sold by Etsy shop ThatGlassStore, whose bottom is etched with the message "You've just been roofied." Classy! [Huffington Post via The Frisky]
Here's all the feminist news on our radar this Monday:
• Today is the 50th anniversary of President JFK signing the Equal Pay Act. As we know, a wage gap endures, with women making just under 80 percent what men make for full-time work, but there has been some major progress: Education now outweighs gender as a determinant of wages. [NPR, New York Times]
• Last week, a story went viral about a Texas court saying it's okay to shoot a prostitute who doesn't have sex with you. But RH Reality Check says that's a misreading of the verdict. [RH Reality Check]
Today is Equal Pay Day, the day that the average woman in America has now made as much as the average man did in 2012. With women earning from 50 to 80 percent of what men make (depending on race), our fiscal year needs an extra three months to make up the difference.
However, some people continue to argue that we don't have a wage gap. Instead, the discrepancy in wages between white men and all other people in America is due to motherhood. But all sorts of statistics pin the blame on far more sinister foes than babies; looking at the hard numbers, it's undeniable that racism and sexism are a core part of American economics.
Check out these nine graphs showing how motherhood is not solely to blame for the wage gap.
There's been a lot of discussion about the gender pay gap. But there are some jobs that pay women many more pennies than 77 cents to the dollar. Among them: Shoe Shiner, Butler, Secretary, and Computer Repair Technician.
March 20 is Equal Pay Day in Belgium, and to draw attention to the country's 22% wage gap for women, zij-kant (a women's group organizing the equal pay efforts) has launched an awareness video and corresponding campaign starring porn actress Sasha Grey. It hinges on the fact that, according to the video, porn is one of the few industries where women are consistently paid more than their male counterparts. It is also a very strange and weirdly sad PSA that misses the point by making the equal pay issue all about porn, with a tone that is at once both slut-shaming and sensationalistic. (Also, it's NSFW.)
Set in 1968, Made in Dagenham fictionalizes a true story about a group of female sewing machinists employed by Ford who were tired of being classified as unskilled labor and went on strike for equal pay. Their efforts ultimately led to the Equal Pay Act of 1970. The women are led by Rita O'Grady (Sally Hawkins), a modest working-class woman who continues to surprise herself and others with her natural aptitude to organize, negotiate, and lead an important political cause that is still relevant.
Meet Barbara Gordon, librarian at the Gotham City Public Library by day, and crime-fightin' wonder Batgirl by night. Gordon was first introduced to the Batman comics and TV show in 1966, as an attempt to bring in female readers and viewers. While previous female characters (Batwoman and Bat-girl) were introduced in an attempt to dodge accusations of homosexuality between Batman and Robin, Batgirl wasn't there for romance as much as she was for ass-kicking. And did I mention that she was a librarian?
If Alice Paul had gotten her way, the United States Constitution would read:
Men and women shall have equal rights throughout the United States and every place subject to its jurisdiction.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
This, her proposed text of the Equal Rights Amendment, has never come to pass. Drafted by Paul and introduced by two Republicans in 1923—one of whom was Susan B. Anthony's nephew—the ERA was introduced in every congressional session thereafter, until 1980. Nearly 60 years of finding a sponsor, and for all but three of those years, ERA died in committee. In those other three years, it either failed on a close vote in the Senate, or it passed, but with a rider that none of its supporters could stomach.