Adventures in Feministory: Mrs. President
I think this year is the first time President's Day has felt worth celebrating! Considering the historic nature of our country's first African-American President, here are just a few other ground-breaking American political campaigns.
Victoria Claflin Woodhull
Ran in: 1872 for the Equal Rights Party
Victoria is credited as being the first woman to run for President, which is saying a lot since women didn't even have the right to vote when she put her name on the ballot. The Equal Rights Party catered to a variety of people: laborers, suffragists, spiritualists, and communists. Frederick Douglass ran as Vice President!
Fun fact: Woodhull spent election day in jail! The Comstock Law (which intercepted a ton of twentieth-century birth control) conveniently caught an article about an acquaintance's affair.
Margaret Chase Smith
Ran in: 1964 for the Republican Party
Smith was the first woman elected to the US Senate and came in second to Barry Goldwater at the '64 Republican National Convention. Sherman's biographer wrote: "She was always having to walk that tightrope between being strong enough and tough enough to be commander in chief, to run a country, but still feminine enough and ladylike enough ... because being feminine was absolutely essential. And so she tried to balance it the best way she knew how."
Major Burn: Margaret became an early adversary of Joseph McCarthy by delivering a "Declaration of Conscience" and got called "Moscow Maggie" from then on by his nasty staff.
Ran in: 1972 for the Democratic Party
When she ran for president, Chrisholm clarified, "I stand before you today as a candidate for the Democratic nomination for the Presidency of the United States. I am not the candidate of black America, although I am black and proud. I am not the candidate of the women's movement of this country, although I am a woman, and I am equally proud of that. I am not the candidate of any political bosses or special interests. I am the candidate of the people." Chrisholm supported awesome things like minimum wage for domestic workers, education, and health care. When she ran for New York's 12th Congressional District her slogan was "unbought and unbossed."
Girls' Club: when Chrisholm became the first African-American woman elected to Congress, she hired an all-female staff.
Patsy Takemoto Mink
Ran in: 1972 in the Oregon primaries
When Mink was denied entry into twenty medical schools because she was a woman (despite her degree in chemistry and zoology), Mink attended the University of Chicago Law school and then began her own firm in Hawaii in 1951. She was elected to the Hawaii senate in 1958 and made it to the US House of Representatives in 1964. Mink's political career continued and she supported and advocated for minorities, women, children, and immigrants. Worked to pass Title IX, and was the first woman of color in Congress.
You go, girl: Mink was the first girl in her high school to run for student body president and won after "garnering support of the popular football team."
These are only four of the many women who have run for president, not to mention the numerous (non-American) female heads-of-state all over the world (and history!)! Anyone feel like open thread for discussing other women contenders and leaders?
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